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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2019, Vol. 18 Issue (10): 2330-2337    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(19)62624-9
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Flight behavior of the sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata, in relation to temperature, age, and sex
LU Shao-hui1, 2, WEI Mei-cai1, YUAN Guo-jun2, CUI Jian-xin3, GONG Dong-feng 
1 Laboratory of Insect Systematics and Evolutionary Biology, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410000, P.R.China
2 Henan Academy of Forestry, Zhengzhou 450000, P.R.China
3 Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang 453000, P.R.China
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The flight capacity of different ages and sexes of the sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata, was studied at different temperatures using a flight mill system.  The results of regression analysis showed a significant effect of temperature on flight distance (P=0.0082).  Temperature did not influence flight duration (P=0.212) or flight speed (P=0.175).  The mean flight distance (1 024 m) and mean flight duration were the greatest at 25.2°C.  The age of C. ciliata had a significant influence on flight distance (P=0.0005), flight duration (P=0.0005) and flight speed (P=0.026).  The 12-d-old adult had the greatest flight distance (887 m), duration (3 875 s) and speed (0.22 m s–1).  Flight distances and flight duration of females were significantly longer than that of males.  However, the male had significantly greater flight speed than the female.  The insect appears to be capable of long distance flights.  The understanding of the optimal age and temperature for the flight of this insect through this study provides a foundation for better management of the insect in China.
Keywords:  Corythucha ciliata       flight capacity       tethered flight       temperature       age and sex  
Received: 20 September 2018   Accepted:
Fund: The study was funded by the Fundamental Research Funds of Henan Academy of Forestry, China (162102410033).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence WEI Mei-cai, Tel: +86-73185623498, E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

LU Shao-hui, WEI Mei-cai, YUAN Guo-jun, CUI Jian-xin, GONG Dong-feng. 2019. Flight behavior of the sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata, in relation to temperature, age, and sex. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(10): 2330-2337.

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