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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2018, Vol. 17 Issue (08): 1871-1880    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(17)61835-5
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Changes in soil biochemical indicators at different wheat growth stages under conservation-based sustainable intensification of rice-wheat system
Tanushree Bera, Sandeep Sharma, H. S. Thind, Yadvinder-Singh, H. S. Sidhu, M. L. Jat
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摘要  Received  1 September, 2017    Accepted  15 November, 2017

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Soil microbes play critical roles in soil biogeochemistry, soil biological health and crop productivity.  The current study evaluated the effects of tillage and residue management on changes in soil biochemical indicators at different growth stages of wheat after 5 years of rice-wheat system.  Nine treatment combinations of tillage, crop establishment and crop residue management included three main plot treatments applied to rice: (1) conventional till direct dry seeded rice (CTDSR), (2) zero till direct dry seeded rice (ZTDSR), and (3) conventional puddled manual transplanted rice (CTPTR) and three sub-plot treatments in subsequent wheat: (1) conventional tillage with rice residue removed (CTW-R), (2) zero tillage with rice residue removed (ZTW-R) and (3) zero tillage with rice residue retained as surface mulch (ZTW+R).  Irrespective of rice treatments, ZTW+R treatment had higher soil biochemical indicators compared with ZTW-R and CTW-R at all the growth stages of wheat.  Generally, all the biochemical indicators were the highest at the flowering stage of wheat.  Residual effect of rice treatments was also significant on biochemical quotients in wheat, which were the highest under ZTDSR followed by CTDSR and CTPTR.  The present study provided three sensitive and reliable biochemical indicators (microbial biomass, basal soil respiration and microbial quotient) which respond rapidly to change in tillage and residue management practices in RWS of South Asia.
Keywords:  microbial metabolic quotients        tillage practices        residue retention        cropping system  
Received: 01 September 2017   Accepted:
Fund: The land and infrastructure support of Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana for the field study and financial as well technical support of International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) through USAID and BMGF funded Cereal System Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) Project and Consultative Group of International Agriculture Research (CGIAR) Program on wheat (CRP 3.1) are gratefully acknowledged.
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence Sandeep Sharma, Tel: +91-941-7324562, E-mail:    

Cite this article: 

Tanushree Bera, Sandeep Sharma, H. S. Thind, Yadvinder-Singh, H. S. Sidhu, M. L. Jat. 2018. Changes in soil biochemical indicators at different wheat growth stages under conservation-based sustainable intensification of rice-wheat system. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17(08): 1871-1880.

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